Group 6
Jazz is a music genre that originated from Ragtime. It was mainly out during the 1920s to the 1960s. From time to time now a day you might hear a jazzy song but not as much as you would have back in the day. From the early years Jazz has incorporated music form 19th and 20th century popular American music. In West Africa there was evidence of blue notes, improvisation, polyrhythms, syncopation, and the swung note. All of which are built-into Jazz. The earliest form of Jazz was New Orleans jazz, evolved from the fusion of black folk forms such as ragtime and blues with various popular music. The first jazz recording of Jazz was made in 1917 by the Original Dixieland Jazz Band and by the end of the decade jazz had attracted a large, mainly white audience throughout the USA.
In the 1920s, Paul Whiteman's jazz-influenced dance music. Chicago became a centre for New Orleans jazz: King Oliver, Jimmie Noone, Earl Hines, Jelly Roll Morton and Louis Armstrong were leading figures. Armstrong's extraordinary talent was quickly recognized and his playing was much imitated. New York became the new focus for jazz, swing became also dominant style and there was an emphasis on big bands and commercial dance music. Fletcher Henderson's band was a model for many others, including those of Duke Ellington and Benny Goodman. The Count Basic Orchestra represented the Kansas City style.
"What makes the performance is the dialogue created between you and everybody around you spontaneously. And you have to interact with everybody up there, interacting and reacting, throwing out ideas. Jazz is a purely democratic music. It's collective creativity where somebody introduces something and we all get a chance to say something about it. It always amazes me, the whole of it is just a great spirit. It grabs you to the point where it never lets you go until the very last breath."
- Max Roach

Research Questions:

  1. What are the main instruments that jazz players use?
  2. Where do they get theirs ideas from as they make new songs?
  3. What kinds of other songs inspire them?
  4. When was Jazz the most popular?
  5. What does Jazz have that has kept it so popular for so long?
  6. What is it that inspires Jazz artists to want to produce Jazz music?
  7. Why do most Jazz artists produce songs about something that happened in their life?
  8. What keeps Jazz artists inspired enough that they want to continue writing and/or producing jazz music?
  9. How do Jazz bands produce such unusual and interesting sounds?
  10. Do the emotions of the artist affect what the songs are about when being produced?



Group 6's thesis is that there is a lot of call and response in most Jazz music.



Research Plan:

Research process: Information about our topic will be gathered through a variety of methods. For example:
We will search the Internet for examples of call and response in most jazz music.




"A History of Jazz." What is Jazz?. Web. <http://www.historyjazz.com/>.
"Jazzitude." History of Jazz. Web. <http://www.jazzitude.com/blhistory.htm/>.