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Research Questions:

1) Did the gender of the singer/artist affect how much people liked that type of Funk.
2) What was the woman’s role in Funk?
3) What were the main instruments used in Funk?
4) What was the most common generation listening to Funk?
5) What makes Funk Funk?
6) Why is it called Funk?
7) What happened to make Funk popular?
8) Who were the first people to lead funk?
9) How long did funk last, why did it stop?
10) Was Funk a culture along with being a type a music?

Thesis/Theses:

We think that all music uses the same instruments but each uses them differently. Funk, for example, uses instruments to create an upbeat tempo that many people can dance to.

Research Plan:

We will be focusing mostly on the people that affected Funk and how the instruments were used in it.

Findings:

Funk is a distinct style of music based on R&B. Also known as funkadelic. It uses heavily amplified guitars and a heavy drum set mostly. It was said to have elements along with the instruments mentions to have elements derived from Rock. Its name originated in the 1950s, when "funk" and "funky" were used increasingly as adjectives in the context of soul music. Funk lasted about twenty years and was most popular between the 1960’s & 1970’ after this time Disco entered the scene. It over came the hold that funk was keeping on people. Disco was more upbeat and it was better to dance to, in some opinions. We think funk stopped because Disco came into the picture. There where many woman in funk but it was hard to find actual songs from them that were funk. Funk is a distinct style of music originated by the African-Americans, like James Brown, and groups like The Meters. Funk best can be recognized by its syncopated rhythms; thick bass line; razor sharp rhythm guitars; yowl like vocals; strong, rhythm oriented brass section; prominent percussion; an up beat attitude; African tones; "Dance-ability"; and strong jazz influences.

Samples:


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"Papa's Got a Brand New Bag" is a song written and recorded by James Brown.
- 1965
- First song to reach the Billboard Hot 100 Top Ten. (Hitting number eight)
- Marked the beginning of the development of the musical genre of funk.

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1970’s –George Clinton

- George Clinton, with his band, Parliament Funkadelic, developed a new kind of funk heavily influenced by jazz and psychedelic music.
- The breakout popularity of Parliament-Funkadelic gave rise to the term "P-Funk," which both referred to the band and defined a new music genre.
You may know the song “Atomic Dog”. You hear it sampled in tons of songs by many artists such as Snoop Dog, Mc Hammer, Ice Cube, etc. This song is actually by George Clinton in 1982.


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1976 We Want The Funk - Parliament-Funkadelic

- Parliament-Funkadelic is a funk, soul and rock music collective headed by George Clinton. They are the main performers of the soul and funk genre, known as P-Funk.

- It was the second single to be released from Parliament's 1976 album Mothership Connection

- It also became Parliament's first certified million-selling single, going Gold in 1976.


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1980-Upside Down
- The song was a big hit internationally topping many music chart.
- The song genre is Funk but can be considered Disco as well.
- The song was later covered and sampled by other artist, such as Salt-N-Pepper, Missy Elliott, Alcazar, Puff Daddy, Collette and MC Lyte.

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Bibliography


- " Funk." http://www.lyricsvault.net/history/funk.html. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May 2010. <http://www.lyricsvault.net/history/funk.html>.
- "George Clinton." http://parliamentfunkadelic.georgeclinton.com/. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 May 2010. <http://parliamentfunkadelic.georgeclinton.com/>.
- "James Brown." http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/episodes/james-brown/soul-survivor/532/. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 May 2010. <http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/episodes/james-brown/soul-survivor/532/>.

- "Woman in Soul/Funk." Black History. N.p., 2010. Web. 12 May 2010. <http://www.soul-patrol.com/funk/women.html>.